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8年软件测试总结: 有迷茫、有成就,更有捷径——入行前看看!

SUANQILAI,BUZHIBUJUEJIAN,WOYIZAIRUANJIANCESHIXINGYEDAILE8GENIANTOU,CONGYIGESHENMEDOUBUHUIDEXIAOBAI,DAOCESHIJISHURENYUANZAIDAOCESHIGUANLI,QIJIANYOUMIMANG,YEYOUCHENGJIU;YOUWANLU,GENGYOUJIEJING。


全民快乐8JINTIAN,WOZHENDUIZIJIZHEI8NIANCESHIJINGLILAIZUOYIGEZONGJIE,YISHIJIZIJIDEGONGZUOZUOYIGEZHENGLI,WEIZHONGXINCHUFAZENGJIADONGLI,ERSHIJIGANGRUXINGDE、CHUZAIMIMANGSHIQIDEPENGYOUZHIDIANMIJIN,TICHUJIANYI,XIWANGTAMENYIHOUSHAOZOUWANLU。


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软件测试行业的未来


ZHEIXIENIAN,YOUYURUANJIANCESHIXINGYEMENJIANDI,XINZIBAOCHOUBUCUO,BUDUANDIYOURENZHUANXINGHUOBAODURUANJIANCESHIZHUANYE。BUGUO,JINLAIYEYOUBUSHAORENSHUO,RUANJIANCESHIXINGYEYIJINGJIBENBAOHE,ZHEISHIYIXIEXIANGJIARUZHEIGEXINGYEDEPENGYOUDAZHULEJIAO。


DANSHI,WORENWEIZHEIZHONGBAOHEZHUYAOSHIZHENDUIJICHUGONGNENGCESHIGANGWEIDEXUQIU,ERZIDONGHUA、XINGNENGANQUANNAIZHIYIHOUKENENGCHUXIANDEDASHUJUCESHI、AICESHIDENGRENGCUNZAIDALIANGDEQUEKOU。SUOYI,XIANZAIDABUFENDECHUJIGONGNENGCESHIRENYUANDOUZAIXIANGZIDONGHUA、XINGNENG、ANQUANKAOLONG。YINCI,NEIXIEZHANZAISHIZILUKOUMIMANG、WUZHU,KAOLVYAOBUYAOJIARUCESHIXINGYEDEPENGYOUMENBUBIDANXIN,WEILAIWOMENRUANJIANCESHIXINGYEHAISHIDAYOUZUOWEIDE。


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做软件测试要掌握哪些知识点?


全民快乐8SHUODAODI,RUANJIANCESHIXINGYESHUYUJISHUGANGWEI,JIRANSHIJISHUGANGWEI,NEIJIUYAOKAOJISHUSHUOHUA。GANGRUXINGNEIJINIAN,GONGNENGCESHISHIMIANLINDEZHUYAOYALI,ERZHIYOUBUDUANDIZHANGWOXINDEJINENG,CAINENGTIGAONIZHAO“bug”DENENGLI。


SHOUXIAN,WOMENYAOLEJIEYIXIAZUORUANJIANCESHIXUYAOZHANGWONAXIEZHISHI:


01

全民快乐8YAOLEJIERUANJIANCESHIDEJICHUZHISHI,BIANXIECESHIYONGLIDEFANGFAJICESHILIUCHENG;ZHANGWOHEIBAIHECESHI、CESHICELVE、CESHIFANGFA、CESHISHEJI、CESHIBAOGAODENGXIANGGUANLILUN。


02

全民快乐8YAOLEJIECESHIHUANJINGDEZHISHI。ZHUYAOSHIDUICHANGJIANDECAOZUOXITONGYAOLEJIE,HUIDAJIANCESHIHUANJING,YAOMINGBAIGEFUWUQIZHIJIANSHIRUHEJIAOHUGONGZUO、XITONGDESHUJULIUXIANG、XITONGDEYALIDIAN,CONGERQUEDINGXINGNENGCESHIXUQIUHEZHIBIAO,JINAXIEGONGNENGXUYAOKAOLVYALI,NENGCHENGDANDEYALISHIDUODADENG。BIRUYIGESHANGCHENGWANGZHAN,QITIJIAODINGDANGONGNENGZHICHIDUOSHAOGEYONGHUBINGFA,MEIGEBINGFAYONGHUZAIDUOZHANGSHIJIANNEIWANCHENGLECAOZUO,XITONGZHANGSHIJIANZAIYALIZHUANGTAIXIADEWENDINGXINGRUHEDENG。


ZHUYAODECAOZUOXITONGYOULinux、WindowsHEMac OSDENG。


03

ZHANGWOBIYAODECESHIGONGJUJIQUEXIANDINGYIHECESHIJIHUABIANXIEFANGFA。DUIJIYUHttpXIEYIDEYINGYONGLAISHUO,YIBANloadrunnerDOUNENGWANCHENGXINGNENGCESHIGONGZUO。XUEXIloadrunnerDESANBUQU:JIAOBENLUZHIBIANXIE(loadrunnergenerator)、CHANGJINGSHEZHIHEZHIXING(loadrunner controller)、JIEGUOFENXI(loadrunner analysis)DENEIRONG。


DUIYUYIXIEWUFAYONGXIANYOUGONGJUSHISHIXINGNENGCESHIDEYINGYONG,NEIJIUXUYAOZIJIBIANXIEGONGJULAIWANCHENG。SUOYIYIGEYOUXIUDEXINGNENGCESHIGONGCHENGSHIYIDINGSHINENGSHULIANSHIYONGYIMENBIANCHENGYUYANDE,CHANGJIANDEYOUJava、C、C++DENG。


04

LEJIEZIDONGHUACESHIDEZHISHI,HUISHIYONGZIDONGHUAGONGJU,LIRUQTP、monkey、monkeyrunnerDENG。


ZIDONGHUACESHIYUXINGNENGCESHIBUYIYANG,XINGNENGCESHIZHUYAOSHIZHENDUIFUWUQIDEXINGNENGZUOCESHI,ERZIDONGHUACESHISHICONGQIANDUANKAOLV,QIMUDEZHIZAITIDAIBUFENSHOUGONGCESHI,KAOLIANGDESHIKEHUDUANZHANGSHIJIANYUNXINGDEWENDINGXING。


RUGUONISHIFEIRUANJIANCESHIXINGYEDEBIYESHENG,XIANGXUEHUIYISHANGZHEIXIEZHISHI,ZENMEBAN?WODEJIANYISHI:ZIXUECHENGCAIHUOZHECANJIAPEIXUNBAN。


全民快乐8RUGUONISHIYIGELINGWUXINGHEZIWOGUANLINENGLIFEICHANGQIANGDEREN,WOJIANYINIZIXUE,ZIJIZHAOSHUHESHIPINKAN;RUGUOBUSHI,NEIMEJIANYICANJIANICANJIARUANJIANCESHIPEIXUNBAN。


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一名优秀软件测试人员必备的特质


DANGYIMINGYOUXIUDERUANJIANCESHIJISHURENYUAN,CHULEDONGDEYISHANGSHUODAOYINGJIANZHISHIWAI,WORENWEIHAIYINGGAIJUYOUYIXIENEIZAIDETEZHI,ZHEIGEJUEDINGNIGONGZUODEKAIBUKAIXIN,YIHOUZAIZHEIGEXINGYENENGZOUDAODUOYUAN。


01

YOUXIUDEXUEXINENGLI:HULIANWANGDEFAZHANRIXINYUEYI,JIUSUANNIDANGQIANNENGLIZAIQIANG,DANRUGUOMEIYOUCHIXUXUEXI,GENGXINZHISHI,BUCHUYINIAN,BIHUIYUBENXINGDEZHISHITIXITUOJIE。DAOSHI,NIJIUHUIFAXIANZIJIZHINENGDANGYIGELIANJIADESHOUGONGCESHIRENYUAN。YINCIYONGYOUCHIXUXUEXIDENENGLI,SHINICHENGWEIYOUXIUCESHIYUANDEZHONGYAOYIBU。NIYAOBAOZHENGZIJIYIZHOUNEIZHISHAOYOUSANGEXIAOSHIDEXUEXISHIJIAN,ZHEIYANGCAIBUZHIYUYUBENXINGDEXINZHISHITUOJIE。


02

XIXIN、NAIXIN、BUPAMAFAN。CESHIGONGZUOSHIFEICHANGFANSUODE,CESHIRENYUANZAIZUOCESHIXUQIUDESHIHOU,KAIFARENYUANXIEDEXITONGXUQIUBAOGAOZHONGDEMEIYIGEXUQIUDIANDOUHUIZAICESHIXUQIUZHONGCHENGWEIJIGECESHIXUQIUDIAN,RUGUONIBUGOUNAIXIN,BUGOUXIXIN,SHIHENRONGYIYILOUCESHIXUQIUDIANDE,ERZHEIXIEYILOUDEDIFANGWANGWANGJIUSHIWENTIDIAN。


03

LIANGHAOXIUDEGOUTONGNENGLI。RUANJIANCESHISHIYIGEGOUTONGDEGUOCHENG,HENDUOKAIFARENYUANDOUBUYUANYICHENGRENZIJIDEMOKUAIQUANSHICUOWUDE,YINCI,CESHIRENYUANYAODONGDEHETAMENGOUTONG;TONGSHIGOUTONGYAOJISHI,BIAODAYAOQINGCHUZHUNQUE。


04

全民快乐8TUANDUIHEZUONENGLI:RUANJIANCESHIGONGZUOSHIYOUYIGETUANDUIWANCHENGDE,TONGSHIYOUHEKAIFATUANDUIDEHEZUOMIBUKEFEN,SUOYIYUTUANDUICHENGYUANZHIJIANJINMIHEZUOSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAO。SHOUXIANCONGXINTAISHANG,FANGXIADANDADUDOUDEXIANGFA,YAODONGDEZHENGTIHEZUODEZHONGYAOXING。ZAISHIJIXIANGMUZHONG,TUANDUICHENGYUANZHIJIANYAOXIANGHUHEZUO、ZIYUANGONGXIANG、GONGTONGJINTUI。


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做好职业规划很重要


DANGNIQUMIANSHISHI,MIANSHIGUANJINGCHANGHUIWENNIZHEIYANGYIGEWENTI:NIWEISHENMECONGSHIRUANJIANCESHIXINGYE?ZHEIGEWENTIJINGCHANGBAYIXIERENWENDECUOSHOUBUJI。YINWEIHENDUORENZHISUOYIXUANZHEIGEXINGYE,SHIYINWEIQISHICHANGXUQIUDA,JIUYEJINGZHENGXIAO,BINGQIERUMENKUAI,XINCHOUHAO,ERDUIYUWEILAI,TAMENQUESHIYIPIANMIMANG。


“FANSHIYUZELI,BUYUZEFEI”。TEBIESHIHULIANWANGZHEIYANGTIANTIANZAIBIANHUANDEXINGYE,GENGYINGGAIWEIYUCHOUMOU。SUOYI,NIRUGUOJINRUCESHIZHEIGEXINGYE,JIUYAOZUOHAOZHIYEGUIHUA,YAOBU,HENRONGYIXIANRUWUQUHEMIMANG。XIAMIANWOJIUJIDAJIASHUOSHUOZUOWEICESHIRENYUANDEZHIYEJINJIEBA!  


01

CHUJICESHIGONGCHENGSHI(1NIANYINEI):ZHIXINGCESHIYONGLI,JILUbug,TONGGUOqtpDENGCESHIGONGJU,LUZHIHUIGUICESHIJIAOBEN,BINGZHIXINGHUIGUICESHIJIAOBEN。


02

全民快乐8CESHIGONGCHENGSHI(1-2NIAN):CHENGDANXITONGCESHISHISHIRENWU;SHEJIHEBIANXIECESHIYONGLI,KAIFAHEZHIXINGCESHIJIAOBEN。


03

GAOJICESHIGONGCHENGSHI(3-4NIAN):GAIJINCESHIZIDONGHUABIANCHENGJISHU,BANGZHUKAIFA、WEIHUCESHIHUOBIANCHENGBIAOZHUNYUGUOCHENG,FENXIRUANJIANXUQIU,HUODECESHIXUQIU;NENGZHIDAOCHUJICESHIGONGCHENGSHI。


04

CESHIZUFUZEREN(4-6NIAN)CHENGDANXIANGMUJINDUANPAI、GONGZUOGUIMO、CHENGBENGUSUANZHIZE;WEIKAIFATUANDUITIGONGbugDEJIEJUECELVEDENG。


05

JISHUZHUGUAN(6-10NIAN):XINGNENGCESHIZHENGTIFANGANSHEJI,RUANJIANXITONGXINGNENGWENTIDINGWEIHEXINGNENGYOUHUA,NEICUNYOUHUAJIFENXISHUJUYICHUDENG,FENXIXITONGDEANQUANLOUDONGDENG。


06

全民快乐8CESHIJINGLI(10NIANYISHANG):CANJIA1GEHUODUOGEXIANGMU。FUZEZHEIYILINGYUNEIDEZHENGGEKAIFASHENGCUNZHOUQIYEWU,TONGSHIYAOFUZEXIANGMUCHENGBEN、JINDUANPAI、JIHUAHERENYUANFENGONG。


07

全民快乐8(GONGSIJIZHILIANGZONGJIAN)JIHUAJINGLI:GUANLIRUOGANXIANGMUDERENYUANYIJIZHENGGEKAIFASHENGCUNZHOUQI;FUZEBAWOXIANGMUDEFANGXIANGYUYINGKUI。


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YISHANGJIUSHIRUANJIANCESHIRENYUANDEZHIYEGUIHUAJINCHENG,DANGRAN,RUGUONIJUEDENIYOUZUGOUDEJINGYAN,NIYEKEYICHUSHU,BAZIJIJUTIZUOGUODEXIANGMUZONGJIECHULAI,XIECHUZIJIDETESE,KENDINGCHANGXIAO!NIYEKEYIQUZUORUANJIANCESHIPEIXUNSHI,YOUGUOXIANGMUSHIJIJINGYANDELAOSHIKENDINGGENGCHIXIANG。


SHANGMIANJIUSHIWOZAIRUANJIANCESHIXINGYECONGSHIZHEIMEDUONIANDEYIXIEZHUOJIAN,XIWANGDUINEIXIEGANGBIYEDETONGXUEHUOZAICESHILINGYUMIMANGDEPENGYOUMENTIGONGYIXIEBANGZHUBA!

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全民快乐8

全民快乐8

全民快乐8