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全球首个活体机器人诞生:可编程生物 代码已开源

“全球首个活体机器人诞生了!”2020年1月13日,世界顶级学术期刊《美国国家科学院院刊》(PNAS)公布了这个震惊全球的消息。

 

活体机器人

 

ZHEISHIYIZHONGWANCHENGYOUSHENGWUXIBAOZUCHENG,YOUJISUANJI“SUANFA”BIANCHENGSHEJICHULAIDEXINWUZHONG。SHIDE,NIMEIKANCUO!ZHEIGE“HUOTIJIQIREN”DECAILIAOZHISHIYONGLEYIXIESHENGWUXIBAO,ERWUXURENHEDEJINSHU、SULIAOHEDIANLUYUANJIAN。

 


活体机器人是什么梗?

 

全民快乐8ZHEIGEHUOTIJIQIRENMINGZIJIAO“Xenobots”(YIZHONGJIQIREN)。SHIMEIGUO“FOMENGTEDAXUE”JISUANJIKEXUEJIAHE“TAFUCIDAXUE”SHENGWUXUEJIAKUAJIEHEZUODEYANJIUCHENGGUO。

 

活体机器人

 

全民快乐8HUOTIJIQIRENDEMINGZI“Xenobots”LAIYUANYUFEIZHOUZHUAWA(Xenopus laevis),ZHEIYESHIWEIQITIGONGGANXIBAODEQINGWAZHONGLEI。YANJIUTUANDUILIYONGFEIZHOUZHUACHANZAOQIPEITAIZHONGDEPIFUXIBAOHEXINZANGXIBAO,CHUANGZAOLEKEBIANCHENGDEHUOTIJIQIREN。

 

活体机器人

 

全民快乐8XenobotsDEZHANGDUBUDAO1HAOMI(0.04YINGCUN),NENGANZHAOJISUANJICHENGXUSHEJIDELUXIANYIDONG,HAINENGFUZAIYIDINGDEZHONGLIANG,KEYIZAIRENTINEIBUYIDONG。TAMENKEYIBUXING、YOUYONG,MEIYOUSHIWUYEKEYISHENGCUNSHUZHOU,BINGQIEKEYIYITONGHEZUOGONGZUO。

 

全民快乐8GENGNIUCHADESHI,ZHEIXIEHUOTIJIQIRENJUYOUZIWOYUHEDEGONGNENG。CANYUYANJIUDEJISUANJIKEXUEJIAYUESHUYA · BANGJIADE(Joshua Bongard)BIAOSHI:“WOMENBAJIQIRENQIECHENGLIANGBAN,TAHUIZIJIFENGHEQILAI,RANHOUJIXUQIANJIN。”

 

约书亚·邦加(Josh Bongard)

YUESHUYA · BANGJIADE(Joshua Bongard)

 

FOMENGTEDAXUEJISUANJIKEXUEJIA、JIQIRENZHUANJIAYUESHUYA · BANGJIADE(Joshua Bongard)SHIZHEIXIANGYANJIUDELIANHEFUZEREN,TABIAOSHI:

 

“TAMENJIBUSHICHUANTONGDEJIQIREN,YEBUSHIYIZHIDEDONGWUWUZHONG。TASHIYILEIXINDERENGONGZHIPIN:YIZHONGHUODEKEBIANCHENGSHENGWU。”

 

迈克尔·莱文(Michael Levin)


迈克尔 · 莱文(Michael Levin)

 

塔夫茨大学再生与发育生物学中心主任迈克尔 · 莱文(Michael Levin)也表示:

 

“ZHEISHIQUANXINDESHENGMINGXINGSHI。TAMENCONGWEIZAIDIQIUSHANGCHUXIANGUO。”

 


活体机器人能干什么?

 

XenobotJIQIRENKANQILAIBUXIANGCHUANTONGDEJIQIREN,TAMENMEIYOUSHANLIANGDECHILUNHUOJIXIEBEI。QUERDAIZHIDESHI,TAMENKANQILAIGENGXIANGSHIYITUANYIDONGDEROUTUAN。YANJIURENYUANSHUO,ZHEISHIYOUYIDE,ZHEIZHONG“SHENGWUJIQI”KEYISHIXIANGANGTIEHESULIAOJIQIRENTONGCHANGWUFAZUODAODESHIQING。

 

活体机器人

 

YANJIUZHEMENRENWEI,XenobotDETEXINGZHANSHILEQIWEILAIWUXIANDEKENENGXING。TAMENKEYIBEIYONGLAIQINGLIHAIYANGZHONGDEWEISULIAOWURAN,XUNZHAOHEXIAOHUAYOUHAIHUAHEWUHUOFANGSHEXINGWURANWU,HUOZHEJINRURENTIXUEGUANJINGZHUNSHUSONGYAOWU、QINGCHUDONGMAIBISHANGDEBANKUAI,QINGCHUYAJUNBANDENGDENG。

 

CHULEZHEIXIEZHIJIEDESHIJIRENWU,HUOTIJIQIRENHAIKEYIBANGZHUYANJIURENYUANGENGDUODILEJIEXIBAOSHENGWUXUE,CONGERWEIRENLEIJIANKANGHEZHANGSHOUDEWEILAIFAZHANDAKAIDAMEN。

 

活体机器人

 

全民快乐8YANJIURENYUANSHUO:“RUGUOWOMENKEYIANXUZHIZUO3DSHENGWUXINGSHI,WOMENKEYIXIUFUXIANTIANQUEXIAN,JIANGZHONGLIUZHONGBIANCHENGWEIZHENGCHANGZUZHI,ZAIWAISHANGHUOTUIXINGXINGJIBINGHOUZAISHENGBINGZHANSHENGSHUAILAO。”

 

ZHEIXIANGYANJIUKENENG“DUIZAISHENGYIXUECHANSHENGJUDAYINGXIANG(GOUJIANSHENTIBUWEIBINGYOUDAOZAISHENG)。”

 


活体机器人是怎么做出来的?

 

全民快乐8Xenobots YOUFOMENGTEDAXUEDECHAOJIJISUANJISHEJI,RANHOUYOUTAFUCIDAXUEDESHENGWUXUEJIAZUZHUANGHECESHI。DATISHANG,Xenobots DECHUANGZAOGUOCHENGYOULIANGBU:

 

第一步:用超级计算机“进化算法”设计

 

全民快乐8LIYONGFOMENGTEDAXUEDEFOMENGTEGAOJIJISUANHEXIN(Vermont Advanced Computing Core)DE Deep Green CHAOJIJISUANJIJIQUN,YANJIUTUANDUI(BAOKUODIYIZUOZHEHEBOSHISHENGSHANMU · KELIGEMAN Sam Kriegman)YONGLEJIGEYUEDESHIJIAN,YONG“JINHUASUANFA”WEIZHEIYIXINDESHENGMINGXINGSHISHEJILESHANGQIANGESHEJI。

 

活体机器人代码

代码已开源,地址见文末

 

全民快乐8WEIWANCHENGRENWU(BIRUCHAOYIGEFANGXIANGYIDONG),JISUANJIHUIYIBIANBIANDIJIANGJIBAIGEMONIXIBAOZHONGXINZUHECHENGWUSHUDEXINGSHIHUOSHENTIXINGZHUANG。SUIZHECHENGXUDEYUNXING——YOUGUANYUDANGEQINGWAPIFUHEXINZANGXIBAONENGZUOSHENMEDESHENGWUWULIXUEJIBENGUIZEQUDONG——GENGCHENGGONGDEMONISHENGWUBEIBAOCUN、YOUHUA,ERSHIBAIDEZEBEIPAOQI。ZAIDUISUANFAJINXING 100 CIDULIYUNXINGZHIHOU,KEXUEJIAXUANCHULEZUIMANYIDESHEJI,YONGYUXIAYIBUYANJIU。

 

第二步:由生物学家将电脑设计变成现实

 

迈克尔 · 莱文(Michael Levin)带领的塔夫茨大学团队和显微外科医生 Douglas Blackiston 要做的就是关键一步——将电脑设计变成现实。

 

TAMENXIANCONGFEIZHOUWAZHONGFEIZHOUZHUACHANDEPEITAIZHONGSHOUJIGANXIBAO,JIANGQIFENLICHENGDANGEXIBAOBINGFUYU,RANHOUYONGXIAONIEZIHEGENGXIAODEDIANJI,JIANGXIBAOQIEGEBINGZAIXIANWEIJINGXIALIANJIE,SHIQIFEICHANGJIEJINYUJISUANJIZHIDINGDESHEJI。

 

ZHEIYANG,ZHEIXIEXIBAOBEIZUZHUANGCHENGLEZIRANJIECONGWEIJIANGUODEXINGTI,SUIHOUTAMENBIANKAISHIYIQIGONGZUOLE。JINGGUOSHANGSHUYIFANCAOZUO,PIFUXIBAOXINGCHENGLEYIGEGENGJIABEIDONGDEJIEGOU,ERXINJIXIBAOYUANBENWUXUDESHOUSUOZEZAIDIANNAOSHEJIDEZHIDAOXIA,ZAIZIZUZHIMOSHIDEBANGZHUXIA,CHANSHENGYOUXUDEXIANGQIANYUNDONG,ZHEIYEJIUSHIJIQIRENSHIXIANZIXINGYIDONGDEGUANJIAN。

 

YANJIURENYUANBIAOSHI,TAMENTIJIHENXIAO,DANZUIZHONGJIHUASHIJIANGTAMENANBILISUOFANG。

 

活体机器人

 

全民快乐8DANGRAN,ZAIYANJIUGUOCHENGZHONG,NANMIANHUIYOUYIXIEYIXIANGBUDAODEJIEGUO,DANYOUSHIZHEIXIEJIEGUOYECUCHENGLEXINDEFAXIAN。

 

YANJIUZHEMENZHUYIDAO,ZHEIXIEKEZHONGZUDEYOUJITINENGGOUYIYIZHONGLIANGUANDEFANGSHIYIDONG,BINGQIEZAIPEITAINENGLIANGCHUCUNDEQUDONGXIA,YONGSHUTIANSHENZHISHUZHOUSHIJIANTANSUOTAMENDESHUIHUANJING,DANSHIFANGUOLAIDESHIHOUQUESHIBAILE,JIUXIANGJIACHONGFANGENTOUYIYANG。

 

HOULAI,SHIYANBIAOMING,CHENGQUNDE xenobots HUIRAOZHEQUANYIDONG,BINGJITIZIFADIBAYIGEXIAOQIUTUIDAOZHONGXINWEIZHI。QITA xenobots ZEZAIZHONGJIANWAKAIYIGEDONG,CONGERJIANSHAOZULI。ERZAIMONIGUOCHENGZHONG,KEXUEJIAMENFAXIANBAZHEIGEDONGZUOWEIYIGEDAIZI,TAMENNENGCHENGGONGDIXIEDAIWUTI。

 

活体机器人

 

全民快乐8YUESHUYA · BANGJIADE(Joshua Bongard)BIAOSHI:“ZHEISHIDIANNAOSHEJIDESHENGWUXIANGZHINENGYAOWUSHUSONGLINGYUMAICHUDEYIBU。”

 


活体机器人的科研意义

 

“有生命”的环保技术

 

全民快乐8WOMENZHIDAO,XUDUOJIQI、YINGJIANCHANPINDENGDOUSHIYOUGANG、HUNNINGTUHUOSULIAODENGCAIZHIZHICHENGDE,ZHEIGURANYOUQIDAOLI(BIRUZHILIANGYOUBAOZHENG),DANYOUSHIYENANMIANHUIZAOCHENGSHENGTAIHERENLEIJIANKANGWENTI——BIRURIYIYANZHONGDEHAIYANGSULIAOWURAN。

 

全民快乐8XIANGBIZHIXIA,YUESHUYA · BANGJIADE(Joshua Bongard)BIAOSHI:

 

“Xenobots YOUZIWOZAISHENGXIUFUJIZHI,ERQIEDANGTAMENTINGZHIGONGZUO、SIWANGSHI,TONGCHANGYEBUHUIDUIWAIJIEHUANJINGDAILAIPOHUAI,TAMENSHIWANQUANKESHENGWUJIANGJIEDE。QITIANHOUDANGTAMENWANCHENGGONGZUOSHI,TAMENJIUZHISHISIPIXIBAO。”

 

全民快乐8LINGWAI,BIJIBENDIANNAOGURANQIANGDA,DANYAOSHIBATASHUAICHENGLIANGBAN,KENENGJIUWUFAGONGZUOLE。DANKEXUEJIAMENBA Xenobots QIECHENGLIANGBANHOU,FAXIANTAMENKEYIZIYU,RANHOUJIXUQIANJIN,ZHEISHICHUANTONGDEJIQIWUFAZUODAODE。

 

活体机器人

 

破解生命密码

 

全民快乐8TONGSHI,YANJIUZHEYEBIAOSHI,TAMENDUIXIBAOJIAOLIU、LIANJIEQIANLIDEYANJIU,YIJINGSHENRUDAODUIJISUANKEXUEHEDUISHENGMINGDELIJIEZHONG。

 

迈克尔 · 莱文(Michael Levin)说:

 

“DANGQIANYIGEZHONGYAODEWENTIBIANSHILIJIEJUEDINGXINGSHIHEGONGNENGDESUANFA。JIYINZUNENGGOUBIANMADANBAIZHI,DANYINGJIANRUHERANGXIBAOZAIGEZHONGBUTONGDETIAOJIANXIAHEZUO,CONGERJINXINGGONGNENGXINGJIEPOU,ZHEIHAIDENGZHEWOMENQUFAXIAN。”

 

TONGSHI,WEILESHIYOUJITIFAZHANBINGQIZUOYONG,YOUJIJISUANYIZHIZAIYOUJITIDEXIBAONEIHEXIBAOJIANJINXING,ERBUJINJINSHIZAISHENJINGYUANNEI。ZHEIXIEJIHETEXINGSHITONGGUOSHENGWUDIANXUE、SHENGWUHUAXUEHESHENGWULIXUEGUOCHENGXINGCHENGDE,ZHENGRU Michael Levin SUOSHUO:

 

“ZHEIXIEGUOCHENGZAI DNA ZHIDINGDEYINGJIANSHANGYUNXING,SHIKEZHONGXINPEIZHIDE,YESHIDEXINDESHENGMINGXINGSHICHENGWEIKENENG。”

 


活体机器人有可能带来的负面影响

 

全民快乐8ZHEIYANGDEYIGE“YIXING”JIQIREN,HUIRANGNIXIANGQIKEHUANDIANYING《YIXINGJUEXING》:YIGEDANXIBAOJIUNENGHUITIANMIEDI。XUDUORENDANXINJISHUDEFEISUFAZHANHEYUELAIYUEFUZADESHENGWUCAOZUOHUIDAILAIFUMIANYINGXIANG。

 

活体机器人

 

对此,迈克尔 · 莱文(Michael Levin)表示:

 

全民快乐8“ZHEIZHONGKONGJUBUSHIMEIYOUDAOLI,DANGWOMENKAISHIBAINONGLIANWOMENZIJIDOUBULIJIEDEFUZAXITONGSHI,JIEGUOKENENGHENNANXIANGXIANG。RUGUORENLEIYAOZAIWEILAISHENGCUNXIAQU,JIUXUYAOGENGHAODILIJIEFUZADEXINGZHISHIYIHEMOUZHONGFANGSHICONGJIANDANDEGUIZEZHONGCHANSHENGDE。DABUFENKEXUEDOUJIZHONGZAIKONGZHI“DIJIGUIZE”SHANG,WOMENHAIXUYAOLEJIE“GAOJIGUIZE”。”

 

迈克尔 · 莱文(Michael Levin)认为,这项研究对于解决人们心中的恐惧有积极意义,这也是研究团队的一项意外收获。

 

全民快乐8FOMENGTEDAXUEYANJIUTUANDUIBOSHISHENGSHANMU · KELIGEMAN(Sam Kriegman)TANCHENG,ZHEIXIANGYANJIUDAILAILEXINDEDAODEWENTI:ZHEILEIJIQIRENDEWEILAIBIANTIKENENGJUYOUSHENJINGXITONGHERENZHINENGLI。

 

全民快乐8“WORENWEIZHONGYAODESHI,ZHEIXIANGYANJIUSHIGONGKAIDE,SHEHUIKEYIDUIQIJINXINGTAOLUN,ZHENGCEZHIDINGZHEYENENGYOUZHENDUIXINGDIZHIDINGZUIJIAXINGDONGFANGAN。”

 


论文地址:全民快乐8http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/01/07/1910837117

Github项目:全民快乐8http://github.com/skriegman/reconfigurable_organisms

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全民快乐8

全民快乐8