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职业发展探索:职业生涯的4大阶段

职业生涯发展规律


美国生涯发展专家舒伯曾提出,一个人的生涯发展分为以下五个阶段: 0~14岁是成长期、15~24岁是探索期、25~44岁是建立期、45~64岁是维持期、65岁以后是衰退期,其中每个时期又有更细致的划分。


ERZAIZHONGGUO,YEYOULEISIDESHUOFA:“SANSHIERLI,SISHIBUHUO,WUSHIZHITIANMING,LIUSHIERSHUN……”SHUODEYESHIRENZAIBUTONGDEJIEDUANZHONGHUIYOUBUTONGDECHENGZHANGJINGLI。


职业生涯发展规律


职业生涯发展有规律吗?


全民快乐8NEIME,MEIGERENDEZHIYESHENGYADOUHUIZUNXUNSHANGMIANSUOSHUODEGUILVFAZHANMA?QISHIBUYIDING。


YIDINGDE,SHIWOMENMEIGERENDOUCHUZAIXIANGTONGDESHEHUIBEIJINGXIA,BIRANHUIZUNXUNDAGAILVDEFAZHANTEDIAN,YEHUIZUNXUNGETIDEFAZHANGUILV;ERBUYIDINGDE,ZESHIYINWEISHOUDAO“BIANGE”YINSUDEYINGXIANG:YOUYUXINJISHUDECHUXIAN、CHUANGXINSIWEIDEZUOYONGDENGDENG,YUELAIYUEDUODEXINYINSUGAIBIANLEGETIFAZHAN,SHITAMENSHENSHANGCHENGXIANCHUBUYIYANGDEBIAOXIAN。


全民快乐8RANER,JISHICHUYU“BIANGESHIDAI”,DUIYUDADUOSHUPUTONGRENERYAN,WOMENHAISHIYAOXUEHUILEJIEGUILV、ZHANGWOGUILV,ZHEIYANGCAINENGGENGHAODIZHANGKONGZIJIDEYISHENG!


职业生涯发展规律


阶段1:探索积累期


阶段特征:


职业能力不足、自我认知模糊、经常感到迷茫。


阶段分析:


ZHEIGEJIEDUANPUBIANFASHENGZAIGANGGANGZOUCHUXIANGYATA,CANJIAGONGZUODEZHICHANGXINRENMEN。ZAITAMENJINRUZHICHANGDE3~5NIANNEI,YOUYUQUEFAGONGZUOJINGYANHECHUSHIZHIDAO,TAMENCHANGCHANGHUIXIANRUZIWOHUAIYIDANGZHONG,GANDAOQIANTUMIAOMANG。


阶段提醒:


全民快乐8ZHEIGEJIEDUANZHUYAOYOULIANGGEZHONGYAODERENWU。YISHITANSUOZIWO。BUYAOHAIPACHUCUOYUSHIBAI,DANYAOXUEHUIFANSIHEZONGJIE,ZHEIYANGCAINENGJIASHENDUIZIWODERENSHI,CAINENGZHAODAOZHENZHENGSHUYUZIJIDEFANGXIANG。ERSHIPEIYANGNENGLI。PEIYANGNENGLIDEGUOCHENGZHONGYIDINGHUIMIANLINKUNNANHETIAOZHAN,YAOSHANYUBAMEIYICIDEJIANNANKUNKUDANGZUOZIJIDEXIULIAN,ZHEIYANGNENGLICAIHUIDEDAOJILEIHETISHENG。


职业生涯发展规律


阶段2:发展成就期


阶段特征:


全民快乐8YIYOUMINGQUEDEZHIYEFAZHANYISHI


阶段分析:


YIBANLAISHUO,ZHEIGEJIEDUANFASHENGZAI30~35SUIZUOYOU,YEJIUSHIDAGAIGONGZUOLE7NIANHOUHUIYINGLAIDEJIEDUAN。YOUYUXINGYE、DIYUHEWOMENYISHIDEBUTONG,MEIGERENDEFAZHANCHENGJIUHEGAIJIEDUANCHUXIANDESHIJIANYEHUIYOUSUOBUTONG:YOUXIERENYISHIQINGNIANCAIJUN,SANSHISUIZUOYOUJIUCHENGXIANCHUHENHAODEFAZHANSHITOU,ERYOUXIERENKENENGZHONGQIZHIYESHENGYALIYEBUCENGCHUXIANGUOZHEIGEJIEDUAN。


阶段提醒:


ZHEIGEJIEDUANSHIJIANLIZAITANSUOJILEIZHISHANGDE,BAOKUOYOUZISHENYOUSHIHEZHIYEFAZHANMUBIAODETANSUOYUWAJUE。ZHIYOUDANGZHEIXIEDOUTANSUOCHULAIZHIHOU,ZHEIGEJIEDUANJIUXIANGZAIYIJIANHAODEDIJISHANGGAIFANGZI,YOULELAOGUDEZHICHENGPINGTAI,FAZHANJIUNENGGENGJIAXUNSU。


职业生涯发展规律


阶段3:收获平衡期


阶段特征:


RENMAIZIYUAN、CHENGJIUJIHUIJIDINGCENGXINXIDENGZHUJIANCHUXIAN


阶段分析:


全民快乐8YIBANLAISHUO,ZHEIGEJIEDUANHUIZAI40SUIZUOYOUCHUXIAN。YOUYUQIANQIDETANSUOHEJILEI,ZHEISHIRENMAI、ZIYUANJIDINGCENGXINXIDOUHUIYOUSUOZENGJIA,ZHIYEFAZHANYEYOULEGENGDUOJIHUI。


阶段提醒:


ZHEIGEJIEDUANYOUMANGBUWANDESHI、JIANBUWANDERENHEBUNENGCUOGUODESHANGJI,TONGSHIHAIYOULAIZIGONGZUOYUJIATINGDESHUANGZHONGYALI,XUYAOJISHIPINGHENG、DIAOZHENGZISHENZHUANGTAI。


职业生涯发展规律


阶段4:开拓实现期


阶段特征:


GENGDUOGUANZHUDESHIZIWOSHIXIAN


阶段分析:


ZHEISHIZHIYESHENGYAFAZHANDEZUIHOUYIGEJIEDUAN,ZHEISHIWOMENYIJINGZHUNBEITUIXIUDESHENGHUOLE。ZAISHOUHUOLECHENGJIUYUJIAZHIHOUDEZHEIGEJIEDUAN,GENGDUOZHUZHONGDESHIZIWOSHIXIAN,ZHEIZHONGZIWOSHIXIANKEYIBIAOXIANWEIYANXUZIJIYUANLAICONGSHIDELINGYU,CHENGWEIZISHENJIANGREN,YEKENENGBIAOXIANWEIKAITUOXINDELINGYU,FENGFUZIJIDERENSHENG。


阶段提醒:


ZIWOSHIXIANXUYAOZAIYOUBAOZHANGDEQINGKUANGXIACAIKEYIJINXING,YINWEICISHIWULUNSHIJIAOSEYAOQIU,HAISHISHENGHUOCHENGBEN,DOUBUYUNXUWOMENYOUTAIDALUOCHA。


职业生涯发展规律


结语


TANSUOJILEIQI、FAZHANCHENGJIUQI、SHOUHUOPINGHENGQIHEKAITUOSHIXIANQI,ZHEISHIZHIYESHENGYAFAZHANDE4DAJIEDUAN。MEIGEJIEDUANDOUYOUGEZIDETEZHENG,DUIWOMENYEYOUBUTONGDEYAOQIU。WOMENYAOZAIZHANGWOGUILVDEQIANTIXIA,GENGHAODIYUNYONGGUILV,JINZAODACHENGZIWOSHIXIAN。

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