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阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势:工业互联网超融合,云成IT技术创新中心

全民快乐8JINTIANSHI 2020NIANDEDIYIGEGONGZUORI,ALIBABADAMOYUANFABULE“DAMOYUAN2020SHIDAKEJIQUSHI”YUCE,GAIYUCEWEIRAORENGONGZHINENGAI、XINPIAN、YUNJISUAN、QUKUAILIAN、GONGYEHULIANWANG、LIANGZIJISUANDENGLINGYUZHANKAI,TICHUDUOGELINGYUJIANGZAI2020NIANCHUXIANDIANFUXINGJISHUTUPO。

 

ZAISHIDAKEJIQUSHIZHONG,YUDANGQIANGEXINGYEBIJIAOMIQIEXIANGGUANDEDIANFUXINGJISHUZHUYAOTIXIANZAIGONGYEHULIANWANGDECHAORONGHEHEYUNJISHUFANGMIAN。ZHIZAOQIYEJIANGSHIXIANSHEBEIZIDONGHUA、BANSONGZIDONGHUAHEPAICHANZIDONGHUA,JINERSHIXIANROUXINGZHIZAO;ERYUNJIANGCHENGSUOYOUITJISHUCHUANGXINDEZHONGXIN,WEIYUNDINGZHIDEXINPIAN、YUYUNSHENDURONGHEDEAI、YUNSHANGDEQUKUAILIANYINGYONGJIANGCENGCHUBUQIONG。

 

YIXIASHISHIDAQUSHIDEGAIYAO:

 


趋势一、人工智能从感知智能向认知智能演进

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势1

 

RENGONGZHINENGYIJINGZAI“TING、SHUO、KAN”DENGGANZHIZHINENGLINGYUYIJINGDADAOHUOCHAOYUELERENLEISHUIZHUN,DANZAIXUYAOWAIBUZHISHI、LUOJITUILIHUOZHELINGYUQIANYIDERENZHIZHINENGLINGYUHAICHUYUCHUJIJIEDUAN。

 

WEILAIRENGONGZHINENGRECHAONENGFOUJINYIBUDAKAITIANHUABAN,XINGCHENGGENGDADECHANYEGUIMO,RENZHIZHINENGDETUPOSHIGUANJIAN。

 

RENZHIZHINENGKEYIBANGZHUJIQIKUAYUEMOTAILIJIESHUJU,XUEXIDAOZUIJIEJINRENNAORENZHIDE“YIBANBIAODA”,HUODELEISIYURENNAODEDUOMOGANZHINENGLI,YOUWANGDAILAIDIANFUXINGCHUANGXINDECHANYEJIAZHI。


 

趋势二、计算存储一体化突破AI算力瓶颈

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势2

 

FENGNUOYIMANJIAGOUDECUNCHUHEJISUANFENLI,YIJINGBUSHIHESHUJUQUDONGDERENGONGZHINENGYINGYONGXUQIU。PINFANDESHUJUBANYUNDAOZHIDESUANLIPINGJINGYIJIGONGHAOPINGJINGYIJINGCHENGWEIDUIGENGXIANJINSUANFATANSUODEXIANZHIYINSU。LEISIYUNAOSHENJINGJIEGOUDECUNNEIJISUANJIAGOUJIANGSHUJUCUNCHUDANYUANHEJISUANDANYUANRONGHEWEIYITI,NENGXIANZHUJIANSHAOSHUJUBANYUN,JIDATIGAOJISUANBINGXINGDUHENENGXIAO。JISUANCUNCHUYITIHUAZAIYINGJIANJIAGOUFANGMIANDEGEXIN,JIANGTUPOAISUANLIPINGJING。

 

JISUANCUNCHUYITIHUA,LEISIYURENNAO,JIANGSHUJUCUNCHUDANYUANHEJISUANDANYUANRONGHEWEIYITI,NENGXIANZHUJIANSHAOSHUJUBANYUN,JIDATIGAOJISUANBINGXINGDUHENENGXIAO。

 

全民快乐8JISUANCUNCHUYITIHUAZHENGZAIZHULI、TUIDONGSUANFASHENGJI,CHENGWEIXIAYIDAIAIXITONGDERUKOU。CUNNEIJISUANTIGONGDEDAGUIMOGENGGAOXIAODESUANLI,SHIDESUANFASHEJIYOUGENGCHONGFENDEXIANGXIANGLI,BUZAISHOUDAOSUANLIDEYUESHU。CONGERJIANGYINGJIANSHANGDEXIANJINXING,SHENGJIWEIXITONG、SUANFADELINGXIANYOUSHI,ZUIZHONGJIASUFUHUAXINYEWU。

 

GENGJINYIBU,JISUANCUNCHUYITIHUASHIYIGEgame-changer,KAIPILEYITIAOXINSAIDAO。TADECHUXIANJIANGTONGGUOPOSHICHANYESHENGJI,ZHONGGOUXIANZAICHULIQIHECUNCHUQIDEXIANGDUILONGDUANDECHANYEGEJU。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,KEYIBANGZHUGENGDUOXINPIANXINGYEZHONGXIAOQIYEFAZHAN,GENGWEIGUOCHANXINPIANCHUANGZAOWANDAOCHAOCHECHUANGZAOLEJIHUI。

 


趋势三、工业互联网的超融合

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势3

 

5G、IoTSHEBEI、YUNJISUAN、BIANYUANJISUANDEXUNSUFAZHANJIANGTUIDONGGONGYEHULIANWANGDECHAORONGHE,SHIXIANGONGKONGXITONG、TONGXINXITONGHEXINXIHUAXITONGDEZHINENGHUARONGHE。ZHIZAOQIYEJIANGSHIXIANSHEBEIZIDONGHUA、BANSONGZIDONGHUAHEPAICHANZIDONGHUA,JINERSHIXIANROUXINGZHIZAO,TONGSHIGONGCHANGSHANGXIAYOUZHIZAOCHANXIANNENGSHISHIDIAOZHENGHEXIETONG。ZHEIJIANGDAFUTISHENGGONGCHANGDESHENGCHANXIAOLVJIQIYEDEYINGLINENGLI。DUICHANZHISHUSHIWANYINAIZHISHUBAIWANYIDEGONGYECHANYEERYAN,TIGAO5%-10%DEXIAOLV,JIUHUICHANSHENGSHUWANYIRENMINBIDEJIAZHI。

 

全民快乐8GONGYEHULIANWANGZHUYAOJIEJUESANGEWENTI。

 

YI、JIANGZHIZAOQIYENEIBUDEITRUANJIANXITONGYUOTSHEBEIXITONGDATONG,JINXINGZIDONGPAIDAN,CONGERSHIXIANROUXINGZHIZAO。

全民快乐8ER、ZAIGONGCHANGWAISHIXIANSHANGXIAYOUCHANYELIANDEYOUHUAZUHE。

SAN、CHANPINDESHEJIHECHANPINSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEGUANLI。

 

GONGYEXITONGTONGGUOGONGYEHULIANWANGLIANJIEQILAI,GONGYEHULIANWANGDIYICIRANGRENLEIZHANGWOLEYIGESHISHIDIAOZHENGGONGYEXITONGNENGLIDEGONGJU,CONGERDAFUDUCUJINLESHENGCHANXIAOLV,JIANGDILEKUCUN,TIGAOLEZHILIANG。ZHENGGEZHONGGUODEDIERCHANYESHI40WANYIRENMINBI,RUGUOANZHAOTIGAO5%-10%DEXIAOLVJISUAN,JIANGSHICHANSHENG2-4WANYIRENMINBIDEJIAZHI。ZHEIJIANGDAFUTISHENGQIYEDEYINGLINENGLI。

 


趋势四、机器间大规模协作成为可能

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势4


全民快乐8CHUANTONGDANTIZHINENGWUFAMANZUDAGUIMOZHINENGSHEBEIDESHISHIGANZHI、JUECE。WULIANWANGXIETONGGANZHIJISHU、5GTONGXINJISHUDEFAZHANJIANGSHIXIANDUOGEZHINENGTIZHIJIANDEXIETONG——JIQIBICIHEZUO、XIANGHUJINGZHENGGONGTONGWANCHENGMUBIAORENWU。DUOZHINENGTIXIETONGDAILAIDEQUNTIZHINENGJIANGJINYIBUFANGDAZHINENGXITONGDEJIAZHI:DAGUIMOZHINENGJIAOTONGDENGDIAODUJIANGSHIXIANDONGTAISHISHIDIAOZHENG,CANGCHUJIQIRENXIEZUOWANCHENGHUOWUFENJIANDEGAOXIAOXIEZUO,WURENJIASHICHEKEYIGANZHIQUANJULUKUANG,QUNTIWURENJIXIETONGJIANGGAOXIAODATONGZUIHOUYIGONGLIPEISONG。

 

WEILAI5NIAN,DUOZHINENGTIXIEZUOJIANGZAICHENGSHISHENGHUODEFANGFANGMIANMIANLUODIFAZHAN,CANGCHUJIQIRENDEGAOXIAOXIEZUOWANCHENGHUOWUDEKUAISUFENJIAN,TISHENGWULIUXIAOLV,JIANGDICUNCHUHEYUNSHUCHENGBEN;DAOLUSHANGDEWURENCHENENGGOUJUEDINGBINGDAOSHISHIFOURANGQITACHEXIANXING,TISHENGWURENJIASHIDEANQUANXINGHEJIAOTONGXIAOLV;JIAOTONGDENGGENJUDANGQIANLUKOUHELINJINLUKOUDESHISHIJIAOTONGQINGKUANGLAIJUEDINGDIAODUXINHAO,ZHENZHENGPANHUOZHENGGECHENGSHIGAOFENGSHIQIDEJIAOTONG;WANGYUECHEPINGTAIHUIGENJUCHENGSHIBUTONGDIDIANGEGESHIJIANDEDACHEXUQIULAIYOUHUAJIMEILIANGCHEDEPAIDAN,JIANGDIYONGHUDENGCHESHIJIAN,TISHENGSIJISHOURU。

 

DUOZHINENGTIXIETONGJIQUNTIZHINENGZHEIYANGQUANXINDERENGONGZHINENGFANSHIDEFAZHANHEPUJIJIANGHUIDAILAIZHENGGEJINGJISHEHUIDESHENGJI,RANGRENGONGZHINENGBUZAIZHISHIDANGEDEGONGJU,ERSHIXIEDIAOZHENGGERENLEIGONGZUOSHENGHUOWANGLUODEHEXINXITONG。

 


趋势五、模块化降低芯片设计门槛

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势5

 

CHUANTONGXINPIANSHEJIMOSHIWUFAGAOXIAOYINGDUIKUAISUDIEDAI、DINGZHIHUAYUSUIPIANHUADEXINPIANXUQIU。YIRISC-VWEIDAIBIAODEKAIFANGZHILINGJIJIQIXIANGYINGDEKAIYUANSoCXINPIANSHEJI、GAOJICHOUXIANGYINGJIANMIAOSHUYUYANHEJIYUIPDEMOBANHUAXINPIANSHEJIFANGFA,TUIDONGLEXINPIANMINJIESHEJIFANGFAYUKAIYUANXINPIANSHENGTAIDEKUAISUFAZHAN。CIWAI,JIYUXINLI(chiplet)DEMOKUAIHUASHEJIFANGFAYONGXIANJINFENGZHUANGDEFANGSHIJIANGBUTONGGONGNENG“XINPIANMOKUAI”FENGZHUANGZAIYIQI,KEYITIAOGUOLIUPIANKUAISUDINGZHICHUYIGEFUHEYINGYONGXUQIUDEXINPIAN,JINYIBUJIAKUAILEXINPIANDEJIAOFU。

 

WEILAIJISUANJIDEXITONGJIEGOU,KENENGBUSHIYOUDANDUFENGZHUANGDEXINPIANZHIZAODE,ERSHIZAIYIKUAIJIAODADEGUIPIANSHANGHULIANCHENGXINPIANWANGLUODEChipletsZHIZAODE。MOKUAIHUADEXINPIANJISHUZUIZHONGKEYISHIXIANXIANGDAJIMUYIYANG”ZUZHUANG“XINPIAN。

 


趋势六、规模化生产级区块链应用将走入大众

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势6

 

QUKUAILIANBaaS(Blockchain as a Service)FUWUJIANGJINYIBUJIANGDIQIYEYINGYONGQUKUAILIANJISHUDEMENJIAN,ZHUANWEIQUKUAILIANSHEJIDEDUAN、YUN、LIANGELEIGUHUAHEXINSUANFADEYINGJIANXINPIANDENGYEJIANGYINGYUNERSHENG,SHIXIANWULISHIJIEZICHANYULIANSHANGZICHANDEMAODING,JINYIBUTUOZHANJIAZHIHULIANWANGDEBIANJIE、SHIXIANWANLIANHULIAN。WEILAIJIANGYONGXIANDAPICHUANGXINQUKUAILIANYINGYONGCHANGJINGYIJIKUAXINGYE、KUASHENGTAIDEDUOWEIXIEZUO,RIHUOQIANWANYISHANGDEGUIMOHUASHENGCHANJIQUKUAILIANYINGYONGJIANGHUIZOURUDAZHONG。

 

全民快乐8ZAIDIANQISHIDAI,YONGDIANLIANGSHIHENGLIANGJINGJISHUIPINGDEHEXINZHIBIAO;ZAI4GSHIDAI,HULIANWANGSHANGDEHUOYUEYONGHUSHUSHIFANRONGDEBIAOZHI;ZAISHUZIJINGJISHIDAI,MIANDUIJIJIANGDAOLAIDEHAILIANGYONGHUCHANGJING,WOMENXIANGXINZAIWEILAIDE1NIAN,JIANGHUIJINGPENSHIDEYONGXIANDAPICHUANGXINQUKUAILIANYINGYONGCHANGJINGYIJIKUAXINGYE、KUASHENGTAIDEDUOWEIXIEZUO。YUCIERLAIDE,YIPIRIHUOQIANWANDEQUKUAILIANGUIMOHUASHENGCHANJIYINGYONGJIANGHUIZOURUDAZHONG。YIQUKUAILIANWEIJICHUDEFENBUSHIZHANGBEN,JIANGZAISHUZIJINGJIZHONGJINYIBUTUIDONGCHANYESHUZIHUAXINGCHENGDEJIAZHIYOUXIAOCHUANDI,CONGERGOUJIANXINYIDAIJIAZHIHULIANWANGHEQIYUESHEHUI。

 


趋势七、量子计算进入攻坚期

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势7


全民快乐82019NIAN,“LIANGZIBAQUAN”ZHIZHENGRANGLIANGZIJISUANZAIZAICICHENGWEISHIJIEKEJIJIAODIAN。CHAODAOLIANGZIJISUANXINPIANDECHENGGUO,ZENGQIANGLEXINGYEDUICHAODAOLUXIANJIDUIDAGUIMOLIANGZIJISUANSHIXIANBUFADELEGUANYUQI。2020NIANLIANGZIJISUANLINGYUJIANGHUIJINGLITOURUJINYIBUZENGDA、JINGZHENGJIHUA、CHANYEHUAJIASUHESHENGTAIGENGJIAFENGFUDEJIEDUAN。ZUOWEILIANGGEZUIGUANJIANDEJISHULICHENGBEI,RONGCUOLIANGZIJISUANHEYANSHISHIYONGLIANGZIYOUSHIJIANGSHILIANGZIJISUANSHIYONGHUADEZHUANZHEDIAN。WEILAIJINIANNEI,ZHENZHENGDADAOQIZHONGRENHEYIGEDOUJIANGSHISHIFENJIANJUDERENWU,LIANGZIJISUANJIANGJINRUJISHUGONGJIANQI。

 


趋势八、新材料推动半导体器件革新

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势8

 

ZAIMOERDINGLVFANGHUANYIJISUANLIHECUNCHUXUQIUBAOFADESHUANGZHONGYALIXIA,YIGUIWEIZHUTIDEJINGDIANJINGTIGUANHENNANWEICHIBANDAOTICHANYEDECHIXUFAZHAN,GEDABANDAOTICHANGSHANGDUIYU3NAMIYIXIADEXINPIANZOUXIANGDOUMEIYOUMINGQUEDEDAAN。XINCAILIAOJIANGTONGGUOQUANXINWULIJIZHISHIXIANQUANXINDELUOJI、CUNCHUJIHULIANGAINIANHEQIJIAN,TUIDONGBANDAOTICHANYEDEGEXIN。LIRU,TUOPUJUEYUANTI、ERWEICHAODAOCAILIAODENGNENGGOUSHIXIANWUSUNHAODEDIANZIHEZIXUANSHUYUN,KEYICHENGWEIQUANXINDEGAOXINGNENGLUOJIHEHULIANQIJIANDEJICHU;XINXINGCIXINGCAILIAOHEXINXINGZUBIANCAILIAONENGGOUDAILAIGAOXINGNENGCIXINGCUNCHUQIRUSOT-MRAMHEZUBIANCUNCHUQI。

 


趋势九、保护数据隐私的AI技术将加速落地

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势9

 

SHUJULIUTONGSUOCHANSHENGDEHEGUICHENGBENYUELAIYUEGAO。SHIYONGAIJISHUBAOHUSHUJUYINSIZHENGZAICHENGWEIXINDEJISHUREDIAN,QINENGGOUZAIBAOZHENGGEFANGSHUJUANQUANHEYINSIDETONGSHI,LIANHESHIYONGFANGSHIXIANTEDINGJISUAN,JIEJUESHUJUGUDAOYIJISHUJUGONGXIANGKEXINCHENGDUDIDEWENTI,SHIXIANSHUJUDEJIAZHI。

 

BAOHUSHUJUYINSIDEAIANQUANJISHUTUOZHANCHUANTONGFENBUSHIJISUANYIJIXINXIANQUANFANCHOU,WEIWANGLUOXIEZUOJISUANTIGONGYIZHONGXINDEJISUANMOSHI。TAKETONGGUODUOZHONGJISHUJIEHEBAOHUSHUJUANQUAN,BAOKUOANQUANDUOFANGJISUAN、CHAFENYINSI、TONGTAIJIAMI、HUNXIAODIANLU、JIAMISOUSUOYUJISUAN、KEXINRUANYINGJIANDENG;YEKELIYONGRENGONGZHINENGBAOZHANGMOXINGLUBANGYUANQUANXING,RUMOXINGJIAGU、SHUJUDUHUAFANGYU、DUIKANGXINGYANGBENFANGYUDENG。

 


趋势十、云成为IT技术创新的中心

 

阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势10

 

SUIZHEYUNJISHUDESHENRUFAZHAN,YUNYIJINGYUANYUANCHAOGUOITJICHUSHESHIDEFANCHOU,JIANJIANYANBIANCHENGSUOYOUITJISHUCHUANGXINDEZHONGXIN。YUNYIJINGGUANCHUANXINXINGXINPIAN、XINXINGSHUJUKU、ZIQUDONGZISHIYINGDEWANGLUO、DASHUJU、AI、WULIANWANG、QUKUAILIAN、LIANGZIJISUANZHENGGEITJISHULIANLU,TONGSHIYOUYANSHENGLEWUFUWUQIJISUAN、YUNYUANSHENGRUANJIANJIAGOU、RUANYINGYITIHUASHEJI、ZHINENGZIDONGHUAYUNWEIDENGQUANXINDEJISHUMOSHI,YUNZHENGZAIZHONGXINDINGYIITDEYIQIE。GUANGYIDEYUN,ZHENGZAIYUANYUANBUDUANDIJIANGXINDEITJISHUBIANCHENGCHUSHOUKEJIDEFUWU,CHENGWEIZHENGGESHUZIJINGJIDEJICHUSHESHI。

 

WEILAIDERUANJIANYIDINGSHISHENGZHANGYUYUNSHANGDE,YUNYUANSHENGHEWUFUWUQIJISUANZHENGZAIZHONGSUZHENGGERUANJIANSHENGMINGZHOUQI,CONGRUANJIANXUQIUSHEJIDAOYANFADAOFABUDAOGOUJIANFENFADAOYUNWEIDENG。ZAIAll-in-CloudDESHIDAI,JIYURUANYINGYITIHUAZHONGXINSHEJIDEYUNJISUANJICHUSHESHIYIJITONGGUOYUNYUANSHENGDEZHANXINZIYUANJIAOFUFANGSHIZAITIGAOJISUANXIAOLV、YIYONGXINGDETONGSHIJIANGDIJISUANHEYUNWEICHENGBEN,JINYIBUGONGGUYUNCHENGWEISHUZIJINGJISHIDAIJICHUSHESHI。

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